Overview of the DACUM Process
A basic description of DACUM principles:
- A curriculum that prepares students for a technical occupation should present real-world, problem-based preparation.
- An occupation can most effectively be described in terms of successfully performed job tasks or competencies.
- The expert worker is the best source for recognizing and describing job tasks.
A basic description of DACUM activities:
- The DACUM process has three main elements: needs assessment, a data-gathering workshop, and curriculum development.
- A needs assessment is simply a focused effort to determine whether instruction is needed and, if so, in what area; this effort often begins with a curriculum review or labor market survey.
- A DACUM workshop brings together a focus group of expert workers in a specific field or occupation for a brainstorming session (which can also be regarded as a structured group interview). A trained DACUM facilitator guides the workshop participants to produce a chart that lists the tasks performed by an entry-level worker in the occupation.
- A curriculum designer can then use the DACUM chart to develop an industry-validated program of instruction for training an entry-level worker for the job.